The type-token ratio TTR of Deutschland. The TTR is the most basic measure of lexical diversity. To calculate it, we divide the number of unique words by the number of words in the text. However, the TTR is a very crude measure, as it is extremely dependent on text length. The longer the text, the lower the TTR is usually going to be, since common words tend to often repeat.
Especially since the number of words in this text is more than 1,, the TTR is not likely to give an accurate measure. However, these measures are not as easily readable, and also there is a growing body of research asserting that CTTR and RTTR do not effectively address the problems of text length. The formula for calculating the ARI is as follows:. The ARI should compute a reading level approximately corresponding to the reader's grade level assuming the reader undertakes formal education.
Thus, for example, a value of 1 is kindergarten level, while a value of 12 or 13 is the last year of school, and 14 is a sophomore at college.
The current ARI of this text is 5 , making it understandable for 5-grade students at their expected level of education. The CLI is computed with this formula:. It is notable that other indexes exist, such as the Flesch-Kincaid Reading Ease, Gunning-Fog Score, and others, but we have chosen not to include them, since, contrary to the ARI and CLI, such other indexes are based on a syllable count and therefore arguably only work for English and not German.
We compute a further compound lexical diversity index , which should range from 1 to a with the standard deviation being around 10, and its average value being around 50 - it is 66 in the present case. The compound lexical diversity index consists of the following indexes, averaged out and also provided in the table above :. The score should normally range from 1 to In this case, the score is We provide you a sample of the text below, however, the full text of the Deutschland. This list excludes punctuation or single-letter words, also some different-case repeats of the same words.
If you like this analysis, you should have a look at out our lists of German short stories and German books. If you like literature as a means to learn languages - please take a look at our project Interlinear Books. We even have a German Interlinear book available for purchase.
Bringing Literature to Language Learning. For each paper you must also read at least one secondary source that treats the text a journal article or a section of a study of Heine and his works and refer to that piece in your paper. These papers are to be handed in and will be graded. Please retain these papers when you get them back and plan to turn the entire set in at the end of the course. Each should be approximately 20 minutes in length. The choice of topics is listed on the syllabus. Please observe the following instructions about the presentations: a Do not read a prepared paper; present from notes or from an outline; b each presentation must be accompanied by a hand-out of no more than 2 pages.
The handout should present a clear outline of your presentation and include relevant information, including bibliographical references, if appropriate; c you may use PowerPoint for your presentation, but it is not necessary. If you do, do not simply read from the slides; use the slides to illustrate or clarify the points you wish to stress in your presentation. In preparation for the paper, please note the following steps and deadlines: a topic proposal due by Monday, March 13 : a one-page written description of your topic and how you intend to approach it; I recommend that you meet with me prior to writing your proposal in order to discuss your topic, or to receive assistance in choosing a topic; b a bibliography of works you intend to consult for your paper due by Monday, March 27 ; c a first draft of your paper due by Monday, April This is a debatable issue.
Obviously we will be reading Heine in German although English translations of much of his work are available. On the other hand, there is no reason for individual students not to voice their ideas about the texts and topics in the course in English, both orally and in writing, if it allows for more precise critical expression. Several of you are native Germans and may feel more comfortable using German; others of you are native Americans and may wish to use English. Either is fine.
Heine is of true international importance and was recognized as such in England and America well before he became established in Germany. A complete edition of his works was published in Philadelphia before the first complete edition appeared in Germany Luckily there now exists a complete Historisch-kritische Gesamtausgabe der Werke Hamburg: Hoffmann und Campe, —DHA—that allows for exact study of the evolution of each text and offers the definitive version Heine intended, to the extent that can be determined.
The edition includes an extensive Apparat with commentary, source material, variant readings, and bibliographies.
Currently this edition is being digitized and made available on line. All 16 volumes, except volume 5—excluding the Apparat— are accessible at:. While I have ordered the following paperback editions of Heine for this course, I do not insist that you purchase them. You may wish to download texts from the Internet. Please do bring a hard copy of each text under discussion to class. We will, however, have to be careful about errors or inaccuracies in some of the on-line versions.
The secondary literature on Heine is immense. You will receive a copy of George F. Peters, The Poet as Provocateur Rochester, NY: Camden House, , not because it represents the definitive study of Heine, but rather because it contains a fairly complete listing and description of existing secondary literature and annotated bibliographies.
To find relevant secondary literature for your papers you may find this book helpful; you should also consult the Heine holdings in our library via MAGIC and the electronic resources offered by the library. I will place several helpful volumes bibliographies, handbooks, and essay collections on reserve at the Department office. Please return checked-out materials in a timely fashion so that other students will have access to them.
There are also dozens of Heine biographies. I have ordered Christian Liedtke, Heinrich Heine Hamburg: Rororo, as a good introduction to Heine but will place several other biographies in both German and English on reserve. Why Heinrich Heine? Literature and politics. From Buch der Lieder :. Junge Leiden You may choose a secondary work dealing with the cycle as a whole or with the individual poem you have chosen. Assigned secondary reading:. Liedtke, Peters, In class:.
The political situation The literary scene The biographical trap. Presentations: No presentations this hour. Assigned primary texts:.
Used First Edition Quantity Available: 1. In class: 1. In so doing Heine proves himself to be a much more honest and human poet than any of his contemporaries, as well as much easier for modern audiences to digest. If you do, do not simply read from the slides; use the slides to illustrate or clarify the points you wish to stress in your presentation. Discussion of the text.
From Buch der Lieder. Writing assignment: Choose one poem from the poems listed in the cycles above. Refer to a secondary source or commentary dealing with your poem. Hamburg and Uncle Salomon. The cousins, Amalie and Therese. Use specific examples from the text to illustrate your analysis. Ludwig Uhland Jeannine.
Political awakening. The publication history of the Reisebilder. Discussion of Die Harzreise. Assigned primary text:. Heine and Rahel Varnhagen Steffi. Heine and Goethe. Themes and structure in Die Harzreise. Nature and society in Die Harzreise. Philistines and fraternity boys. Der Rabbi von Bacherach. Writing assignment : Anti-Semitism and Rheinromantik.
Buy Deutschland. Ein Wintermärchen (German Edition): Read 3 Kindle Store Reviews - maicysasaso.tk Ein Wintermaerchen (German Edition) [Heinrich Heine] on maicysasaso.tk *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Das satirische Versepos - Deutschland.
Do you agree? Explain why. The publication history of Der Rabbi. Heine as novelist Windfuhr. Discussion of chapter 1 Ritualmord und Rheinromantik. Discussion of chapters 2 and 3.